How to Install WordPress on Amazon Linux2

This the procedures help you install a nginx web server with PHP and MariaDB support on your Amazon Linux 2 instance


Use the latest package provided by AWS.

  • Amazon Linux 2
  • Nginx 1.12.x
  • PHP 7.2.x
  • PHP-FPM 7.x
  • MariaDB 5.x
  • WordPress 5.x lang Japanese

Deploying EC2 instance

You need to set up a security group to allow TCP ports 22, 80, 443 from your environment.

  • AMI: Amazon Linux 2
  • Instance Type: t3a.micro
  • Storage: gp2 8GB
  • etc…

Setting time zone


Set timezone.

$ sudo ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Tokyo /etc/localtime

Various installations


Install Nginx

$ sudo amazon-linux-extras install nginx1.12

Install MariaDB

$ sudo yum install mariadb mariadb-server

Install PHP

sudo amazon-linux-extras install php7.2

Install PHP etc…

$ sudo yum install php-mysqlnd php-mbstring php-pear php-fpm php-mcrypt php-gd php-opcache php-pecl-apcu-bc

Setting Nginx

Make site.conf

server {
  listen 80;
  root /var/www/site;
  index index.php index.html index.htm;
  access_log /var/log/nginx/site_access.log;
  error_log /var/log/nginx/site_error.log;

  location ~* /wp-config.php {
    deny all;

  location ~ .php$ {
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;

Config check

$ sudo nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Start service & enable to start the Nginx service

$ sudo systemctl enable nginx
$ sudo systemctl start nginx

When you access “http://[The IP for your EC2]” you can acess the “Nginx default page”

Setting PHP

Editing php.ini

;hidden version
expose_php = Off
;set timezone
date.timezone = "Asia/Tokyo"
;set language codde
mbstring.language = Japanese
mbstring.internal_encoding = UTF-8
mbstring.http_input = auto

Setting PHP-FPM

Editing www.conf

user = nginx
group = nginx

Start service & enable to start the PHP-FPM service

$ sudo systemctl enable php-fpm
$ sudo systemctl start php-fpm

Setting MariaDB

Start service & enable to start the PHP-FPM service

$ sudo systemctl enable mariadb
$ sudo systemctl start mariadb

Initial settings for MariaDB database

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
-> press "Enter key"
Set root password? [Y/n] Y
-> setting mariadb root password
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
Thanks for using MariaDB!

Editing my.cnf

character-set-server = utf8

Creating user for mariadb database

“user” ,”password”, “wordpress” are your self

$ mysql -u root -p
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO "user"@"localhost" IDENTIFIED BY "password";

Install the WordPress

Do download and put files

$ curl -O
$ tar xzvf latest-ja.tar.gz
$ sudo mkdir -p /var/www/site
$ sudo cp -rp wordpress/* /var/www/site/
$ sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/site
$ cd /var/www/site
$ sudo mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php

Editing wp-config.php

/** database name */
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');
/** mariadb user name */
define('DB_USER', 'user');
/** mariadb password */
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password');
/** mariadb hostname or ip */
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
/** table character set */
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');

and paste secret-key

Access “
and paste secret-key

for example

define('AUTH_KEY',         'afu afu afuuufufuufuf';
define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY',  'afufufufuuuuu';

Reboot EC2

$ sudo reboot

For test setting

Rewrite hosts file on your PC and access the site “” on EC2.

for example MacOS /etc/hosts
(for Windows, C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts)

# Host Database
# localhost is used to configure the loopback interface
# when the system is booting. Do not change this entry.
## localhost broadcasthost
::1 localhost
<PublicIP for EC2>

How? Was the WordPress initial settings screen displayed?

Go to wordpress install page

After this, set up WordPress, set up DNS settings correctly for production, and set up EC2 security groups appropriately.

Don’t forget to restore your PC’s hosts settings.

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